The book of Deuteronomy, the epic conclusion to the Torah and…”Moses is going to die”. In order to understand this book, we need to remember the story; Israel has escaped from slavery in Egypt then they spend one year at Mount Sinai. This is where they made the covenant with God to obey all of these laws and then they wonder around the desert for 40 years before they make it to the Jordan River which is right across from the land God promised them. They are ready to go and this is where the book of Deuteronomy begins and what the book, is really a speech. Moses gives these final words like a pep talk to the new generation of Israel that is about to go into the land and the speech, it is broken up into three large sections. [ch.1-11; ch.12-26; ch.27-34]
Moses begins the first part of the speech with somber tone because he is highlighting Israel’s rebellion and resistance which has been going on for the last 40 years and that sets up the rest of the opening section which Moses is challenged to this new generation to be different from their parents and to respond to God’s grace with love and obedience. He reminds them of the ten commandments like the basics of the covenant and then he gives them this very famous line, “ Listen, oh Israel, the Lord is our God. The LORD alone. Love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength”. In Jewish tradition this is called the SHEMA. Because the first Hebrew in this line in Shema, Israel and this became a very important prayer in Judaism, said twice a day and it emphasizes the Israelite’s exclusive commitment to their God, the one true God, who loved them, who rescued them from slavery because they are about to go into a land where people are worshipping many other gods and Moses thinks that loyalty to the LORD their God is the only way to life.
Now notice these keywords in the Shema: Listen and love. You are going to find these words all over this opening section of the speech. The word “listen” in Hebrew means more than just let the sound waves come into your ears. It includes the idea of responding to what you hear. For Israel, this means responding to God’s grace by obeying the laws of the covenant and then listen as always followed by love. Love is the true motivation for obeying the laws. Israel wont obey, and without love, and they do not truly love. And that, they do not obey. There is tight connection between loving and listening, that runs through the entire book. So, Moses tells them that if they do listen and love, they will fulfill their original calling as the family at Abraham, to show all of the nations the wisdom and justice of God and so become a blessing to them.
The second big section in Deuteronomy is a large block of laws and commandments and this is where the book gets it name. Deuteronomy means, a second laws, we have heard before. In fact in the first line of the book we are told that Moses is here, explaining, clarifying the laws. So he is repeating and expanding on the laws, making them relevant to this new generation. There are laws about how Israel’s to worship God, Laws about their leadership structure, laws about social justice and then some more laws about their worship. After all the laws, Moses warns the Israel of the consequences of their obedience or disobedience, or in his words, the blessing or for the curse. If they listen and love they will experience blessing and abundance in the land and if they do not, there is going to be famine, plagues and they will be forced off their land into the exile and that brings us to the final section of his speech. Here, Moses says “I set before you today, life or death, blessing or curse so choose life”, but then things get really interesting because after 40 years with those people, Moses knows they are not going to obey. And so, he predicts their failure and even their future exile from the promised land and he focuses on what he thinks is the true source of the problem that they have hired, and a selfish hearts, it is as if Israel is incapable of truly loving God in a way that brings about abundancy, but this problem is not unique to Israel. In fact, Moses, when he is using this language about blessing and curse, he is tying Israel’s story all the way back to all humanityt’s story from Genesis1 through 3. So Adam and Eve, they were blessed by God, just like Israel, and given a choice to trust and obey God like Israel and they rebelled and brought a curse on the land like Moses knows Israel is going to do.
These stories, they are about Israel’s hard heart but they are actually a window into the universal human condition. But Moses does not give up hope entirely. That is right, he says, that somehow on the other side, Israel’s exile, God promises to transform their heart so that one day, they truly can listen and love.
In the final chapters, Joshua was appointed as the new leader of Israel and then Moses takes the entire law code, the one he just predicted Israel would break. That is right, and he puts it into the “Ark of the Covenant”. Then Moses hikes up to the top of the mountain, so there, he dies and that’s how the torah ends which is a strange place to end a story and it is right there at the climax; will they obey the laws and live faithfully in the land or not.
The story does continue right into Joshua, the next book of the bible but this is the end of the Torah and it has been ended here for a reason. The Torah is written for people who are either outside of the land or who are still waiting for the fulfillment of God’s promise to bless the whole world. So now, as each generation reads the torah, they find themselves called to hope in what Moses hoped for: a new and transformed heart that one day can truly listen and love.
Some of the important passages from the Book of Deuteronomy:
Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.
Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God is one Lord [the only
Love the LORD your
God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. And you shall love the Lord your God
with all your heart and with your entire being
and with all your might.
This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live
I call heaven and earth to witness this day against you that I have set before you life and death, the blessings and the curses; therefore choose life, that you and your descendants may live
I call heaven and earth to witness this day against you that I have set before you life and death, the blessings and the curses; therefore choose life, that you and your descendants may live
I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live:
Let no one be found among you who sacrifices their son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or daughter pass through the fire, or who uses divination, or is a soothsayer, or an augur, or a sorcerer There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch.
These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.
And these words which I am commanding you this day shall be in your minds and hearts; And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:
See, I have taught you decrees and laws as the LORD my God commanded me, so that you may follow them in the land you are entering to take possession of it. Behold, I have taught you statutes and ordinances as the Lord my God commanded me, that you should do them in the land which you are entering to possess. Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it.
The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your own people. You must listen to him. The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet (Prophet) from the midst of your brethren like me ; to him you shall listen.
The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;
Fear the LORD your God and serve him. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name.
You shall fear the Lord your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and by His name and presence you shall swear. Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your ancestors had known, to teach you that people do not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD. And He humbled you and allowed you to hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you recognize and personally know that man does not live by bread only, but man lives by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord.
And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of the LORD your God that I give you.
You shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall you diminish it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.
See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil;
The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.
If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder
When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.
And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,
When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.
The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abomination unto the LORD thy God
And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth:
Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.
But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day.
Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers giveth you.
Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth.
And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
(The LORD God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye are, and bless you, as he hath promised you!)
And I spake unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone:
And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which the LORD spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly.
Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought among you;
And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?
Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy God, in not keeping his commandments, and his judgments, and his statutes, which I command thee this day:
Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:
And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken is good for us to do.
Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,
Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof.
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.
And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone.
Thou shalt therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command thee this day, to do them.
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.
Wherefore it shall come to pass, if ye hearken to these judgments, and keep, and do them, that the LORD thy God shall keep unto thee the covenant and the mercy which he sware unto thy fathers:
Thou shalt not kill.
He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.
That I will give you the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil.
The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes;
Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which are round about you;
And those which remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil among you
And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Only ye shall not eat the blood; ye shall pour it upon the earth as water.
Then I said unto you, Dread not, neither be afraid of them.
Take heed to yourselves, that your heart be not deceived, and ye turn aside, and serve other gods, and worship them;
That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.
And it shall be, if thou do at all forget the LORD thy God, and walk after other gods, and serve them, and worship them, I testify against you this day that ye shall surely perish.
But thou must eat them before the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates: and thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God in all that thou puttest thine hands unto.
Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them, even you above all people, as it is this day.
And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a voice.
And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee.
Ye shall buy meat of them for money, that ye may eat; and ye shall also buy water of them for money, that ye may drink.
Only thy holy things which thou hast, and thy vows, thou shalt take, and go unto the place which the LORD shall choose:
Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee.
And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.
When thou shalt hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep all his commandments which I command thee this day, to do that which is right in the eyes of the LORD thy God
Hear, O Israel: Thou art to pass over Jordan this day, to go in to possess nations greater and mightier than thyself, cities great and fenced up to heaven,
Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.
And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands, and brake them before your eyes
And when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What mean the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD our God hath commanded you?
Then thou shalt take an aul, and thrust it through his ear unto the door, and he shall be thy servant for ever. And also unto thy maidservant thou shalt do likewise.
And thou shalt do that which is right and good in the sight of the LORD: that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest go in and possess the good land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers
And ye shall teach them your children, speaking of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.
And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee
And thine eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Thou shalt be blessed above all people: there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle.
Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work
When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbour's standing corn.
Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
And I will send grass in thy fields for thy cattle, that thou mayest eat and be full.
For the LORD thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills.
Thou shalt also consider in thine heart, that, as a man chasteneth his son, so the LORD thy God chasteneth thee.
Take heed to thyself that thou forsake not the Levite as long as thou livest upon the earth.
And then the LORD's wrath be kindled against you, and he shut up the heaven, that there be no rain, and that the land yield not her fruit; and lest ye perish quickly from off the good land which the LORD giveth you.
Therefore thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, and to fear him.
And the LORD commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.
Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's.
For the LORD thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness: these forty years the LORD thy God hath been with thee; thou hast lacked nothing.
Moreover your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it.
Ye shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, and his testimonies, and his statutes, which he hath commanded thee.
Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh.
That your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon the earth.
For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him;
These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the LORD God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth.
And the LORD commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as it is at this day
If the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to put his name there be too far from thee, then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock, which the LORD hath given thee, as I have commanded thee, and thou shalt eat in thy gates whatsoever thy soul lusteth after.
And thou shalt consume all the people which the LORD thy God shall deliver thee; thine eye shall have no pity upon them: neither shalt thou serve their gods; for that will be a snare unto thee.
At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood.
Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey
Neither shalt thou commit adultery.
Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.
Therefore thou shalt love the LORD thy God, and keep his charge, and his statutes, and his judgments, and his commandments, alway.
The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye were the fewest of all people:
Be careful to obey all these regulations I am giving you, so that it may always go well with you and your children after you, because you will be doing what is good and right in the eyes of the LORD your God.
Then the LORD said to me, "Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession."
"And if we are careful to obey all this law before the LORD our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness."
Destroy completely all the places on the high mountains, on the hills and under every spreading tree, where the nations you are dispossessing worship their gods.
These are the commandments the LORD proclaimed in a loud voice to your whole assembly there on the mountain from out of the fire, the cloud and the deep darkness; and he added nothing more. Then he wrote them on two stone tablets and gave them to me.
He is the one you praise; he is your God, who performed for you those great and awesome wonders you saw with your own eyes.
You must not eat the blood; pour it out on the ground like water.
I will die in this land; I will not cross the Jordan; but you are about to cross over and take possession of that good land.
You are not to do as we do here today, everyone doing as they see fit
After you have had children and grandchildren and have lived in the land a long time – if you then become corrupt and make any kind of idol, doing evil in the eyes of the LORD your God and arousing his anger
The blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God that I am giving you today;
Do not eat it, so that it may go well with you and your children after you, because you will be doing what is right in the eyes of the LORD.
There, in the presence of the LORD your God, you and your families shall eat and shall rejoice in everything you have put your hand to, because the LORD your God has blessed you.
Do not be terrified by them, for the LORD your God, who is among you, is a great and awesome God.
Present your burnt offerings on the altar of the LORD your God, both the meat and the blood. The blood of your sacrifices must be poured beside the altar of the LORD your God, but you may eat the meat.
The curse if you disobey the commands of the LORD your God and turn from the way that I command you today by following other gods, which you have not known.
Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones and burn their Asherah poles in the fire; cut down the idols of their gods and wipe out their names from those places.
No one will be able to stand against you. The LORD your God, as he promised you, will put the terror and fear of you on the whole land, wherever you go.
The images of their gods you are to burn in the fire. Do not covet the silver and gold on them, and do not take it for yourselves, or you will be ensnared by it, for it is detestable to the LORD your God.
At that time I pleaded with the LORD:
He will give their kings into your hand, and you will wipe out their names from under heaven. No one will be able to stand up against you; you will destroy them.
Remember today that your children were not the ones who saw and experienced the discipline of the LORD your God: his majesty, his mighty hand, his outstretched arm
You saw with your own eyes the great trials, the signs and wonders, the mighty hand and outstretched arm, with which the LORD your God brought you out. The LORD your God will do the same to all the peoples you now fear.
And you said, "The LORD our God has shown us his glory and his majesty, and we have heard his voice from the fire. Today we have seen that people can live even if God speaks with them."
"You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor."
Your clothes did not wear out and your feet did not swell during these forty years.
"You shall not steal."
Observe therefore all the commands I am giving you today, so that you may have the strength to go in and take over the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess
The LORD wrote on these tablets what he had written before, the Ten Commandments he had proclaimed to you on the mountain, out of the fire, on the day of the assembly. And the LORD gave them to me.
"I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. Then you are to put them in the ark."
But all of you who held fast to the LORD your God are still alive today.
Follow justice and justice alone, so that you may live and possess the land the LORD your God is giving you.
At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister and to pronounce blessings in his name, as they still do today.
But if out in the country a man happens to meet a young woman pledged to be married and rapes her, only the man who has done this shall die.
Now I had stayed on the mountain forty days and nights, as I did the first time, and the LORD listened to me at this time also. It was not his will to destroy you.
At that time I commanded Joshua: "You have seen with your own eyes all that the LORD your God has done to these two kings. The LORD will do the same to all the kingdoms over there where you are going."
But it was your own eyes that saw all these great things the LORD has done.
You must not worship the LORD your God in their way.
Then I came back down the mountain and put the tablets in the ark I had made, as the LORD commanded me, and they are there now.
The LORD heard you when you spoke to me, and the LORD said to me, "I have heard what this people said to you. Everything they said was good."
"Go near and listen to all that the LORD our God says. Then tell us whatever the LORD our God tells you. We will listen and obey."
For they will turn your children away from following me to serve other gods, and the LORD's anger will burn against you and will quickly destroy you.
There you will worship gods of wood and stone made by human hands, which cannot see or hear or eat or smell.
Do not set up any wooden Asherah pole beside the altar you build to the LORD your God
"But you stay here with me so that I may give you all the commands, decrees and laws you are to teach them to follow in the land I am giving them to possess."
Know therefore that the LORD your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commandments.
"Do not be afraid of them; the LORD your God himself will fight for you."
If anyone is poor among your people in any of the towns of the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward them.
Do not consider it a hardship to set your servants free, because their service to you these six years has been worth twice as much as that of a hired hand. And the LORD your God will bless you in everything you do.
"No one from this evil generation shall see the good land I swore to give your ancestors,"
Set apart for the LORD your God every firstborn male of your herds and flocks. Do not put the firstborn of your cows to work, and do not shear the firstborn of your sheep.
Remember how the LORD your God led you all the way in the wilderness these forty years, to humble and test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands.
"It is mine to avenge; I will repay. In due time their foot will slip; their day of disaster is near and their doom rushes upon them."
Be sure to set aside a tenth of all that your fields produce each year.
But if from there you seek the LORD your God, you will find him if you seek him with all your heart and with all your soul.
However, if you do not obey the LORD your God and do not carefully follow all his commands and decrees I am giving you today, all these curses will come on you and overtake you:
Do not eat anything you find already dead. You may give it to the foreigners residing in any of your towns, and they may eat it, or you may sell it to any other foreigner. But you are a people holy to the LORD your God. Do not cook a young goat in its mother's milk.
For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes.
The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms. He will drive out your enemies before you, saying, 'Destroy them!'
"Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the LORD your God has commanded you."
Only be careful, and watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen or let them slip from your heart as long as you live. Teach them to your children and to their children after them.
At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts.
If a man or woman living among you in one of the towns the LORD gives you is found doing evil in the eyes of the LORD your God in violation of his covenant
Eat the tithe of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks in the presence of the LORD your God at the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name, so that you may learn to revere the LORD your God always.
If your very own brother, or your son or daughter, or the wife you love, or your closest friend secretly entices you, saying, "Let us go and worship other gods" (gods that neither you nor your ancestors have known
Each year you and your family are to eat them in the presence of the LORD your God at the place he will choose.
When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law, taken from that of the Levitical priests.
Fear the LORD your God, serve him only and take your oaths in his name.
All flying insects that swarm are unclean to you; do not eat them.
"You shall have no other gods before me."
Parents are not to be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their parents; each of you will die for your own sin.
If an animal has a defect, is lame or blind, or has any serious flaw, you must not sacrifice it to the LORD your God.
You are the children of the LORD your God. Do not cut yourselves or shave the front of your heads for the dead
If someone has two wives, and he loves one but not the other, and both bear him sons but the firstborn is the son of the wife he does not love
Now what I am commanding you today is not too difficult for you or beyond your reach.
"Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, so that you may live long and that it may go well with you in the land the LORD your God is giving you."
Three times a year all your men must appear before the LORD your God at the place he will choose: at the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the Festival of Weeks and the Festival of Tabernacles. No one should appear before the LORD empty-handed:
No Israelite man or woman is to become a shrine prostitute.
Ask now about the former days, long before your time, from the day God created human beings on the earth; ask from one end of the heavens to the other. Has anything so great as this ever happened, or has anything like it ever been heard of?
If a man is found sleeping with another man's wife, both the man who slept with her and the woman must die. You must purge the evil from Israel.
Listen, you heavens, and I will speak; hear, you earth, the words of my mouth.
Fix these words of mine in your hearts and minds; tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads.
So if you faithfully obey the commands I am giving you today – to love the LORD your God and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul
A people that you do not know will eat what your land and labor produce, and you will have nothing but cruel oppression all your days.
And do not erect a sacred stone, for these the LORD your God hates.
No one who has been emasculated by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the LORD.
He shall pay her father fifty shekels of silver. He must marry the young woman, for he has violated her. He can never divorce her as long as he lives.
Appoint judges and officials for each of your tribes in every town the LORD your God is giving you, and they shall judge the people fairly.
If any of your people, men or women, sell themselves to you and serve you six years, in the seventh year you must let them go free.
You came back and wept before the LORD, but he paid no attention to your weeping and turned a deaf ear to you.
If a man happens to meet in a town a virgin pledged to be married and he sleeps with her
At the end of every three years, bring all the tithes of that year's produce and store it in your towns,
See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse –
For the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your ancestors, which he confirmed to them by oath.
You must not leave the body hanging on the pole overnight. Be sure to bury it that same day, because anyone who is hung on a pole is under God's curse. You must not desecrate the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance.
For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. Out of all the peoples on the face of the earth, the LORD has chosen you to be his treasured possession.
So I told you, but you would not listen. You rebelled against the LORD's command and in your arrogance you marched up into the hill country.
These are the terms of the covenant the LORD commanded Moses to make with the Israelites in Moab, in addition to the covenant he had made with them at Horeb.
When you are harvesting in your field and you overlook a sheaf, do not go back to get it. Leave it for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow, so that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.
That prophet or dreamer must be put to death for inciting rebellion against the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt and redeemed you from the land of slavery. That prophet or dreamer tried to turn you from the way the LORD your God commanded you to follow. You must purge the evil from among you.
All these blessings will come on you and accompany you if you obey the LORD your God:
He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.
When you have eaten and are satisfied, praise the LORD your God for the good land he has given you.
"Cursed is anyone who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
This is the blessing that Moses the man of God pronounced on the Israelites before his death.
There will always be poor people in the land. Therefore I command you to be openhanded toward those of your people who are poor and needy in your land.
"The LORD himself goes before you and will be with you; he will never leave you nor forsake you. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged."
Be careful to follow every command I am giving you today, so that you may live and increase and may enter and possess the land the LORD promised on oath to your ancestors.
When you lay siege to a city for a long time, fighting against it to capture it, do not destroy its trees by putting an ax to them, because you can eat their fruit. Do not cut them down. Are the trees people, that you should besiege them?
You were shown these things so that you might know that the LORD is God; besides him there is no other.
The LORD will open the heavens, the storehouse of his bounty, to send rain on your land in season and to bless all the work of your hands. You will lend to many nations but will borrow from none.
If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts
Do not take advantage of a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether that worker is an Israelite or is a foreigner residing in one of your towns.
Oh, that their hearts would be inclined to fear me and keep all my commands always, so that it might go well with them and their children forever!
Then the LORD your God will make you most prosperous in all the work of your hands and in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock and the crops of your land. The LORD will again delight in you and make you prosperous, just as he delighted in your ancestors
The LORD your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants, so that you may love him with all your heart and with all your soul, and live.
"But the LORD said to me, "Tell them, 'Do not go up and fight, because I will not be with you. You will be defeated by your enemies.""
Or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead.
You may say to yourselves, "How can we know when a message has not been spoken by the LORD?"
If you do not carefully follow all the words of this law, which are written in this book, and do not revere this glorious and awesome name – the LORD your God –
Celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles for seven days after you have gathered the produce of your threshing floor and your winepress.
See that you do all I command you; do not add to it or take away from it.
You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostitute into the house of the LORD your God to pay any vow, because the LORD your God detests them both.
No one born of a forbidden marriage nor any offspring from such a marriage may enter the assembly of the LORD, not even in the tenth generation.
If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the LORD does not take place or come true, that is a message the LORD has not spoken. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. No one should be alarmed.
When people have a dispute, they are to take it to court and the judges will decide the case, acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty.
Do not eat any detestable thing.
Is this the way you repay the LORD, you foolish and unwise people? Is he not your Father, your Creator, who made you and formed you?
Acknowledge and take to heart this day that the LORD is God in heaven above and on the earth below. There is no other.
The LORD will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils that cannot be cured, spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head.
I will proclaim the name of the LORD. Oh, praise the greatness of our God!
Carefully follow the terms of this covenant, so that you may prosper in everything you do.
Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died, yet his eyes were not weak nor his strength gone.
Remember the days of old; consider the generations long past. Ask your father and he will tell you, your elders, and they will explain to you.
Be sure that you obey all the decrees and laws I am setting before you today.
Keep his decrees and commands, which I am giving you today, so that it may go well with you and your children after you and that you may live long in the land the LORD your God gives you for all time.
The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them, for the LORD has told you, "You are not to go back that way again."
The LORD will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand
If someone is caught kidnapping another Israelite and treating or selling that Israelite as a slave, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.
Then the LORD will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. There you will worship other gods – gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your ancestors have known.
The pig is also unclean; although it has a divided hoof, it does not chew the cud. You are not to eat their meat or touch their carcasses.
If, however, the charge is true and no proof of the young woman's virginity can be found
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.
"Cursed is anyone who makes an idol – a thing detestable to the LORD, the work of skilled hands – and sets it up in secret." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
If you make a vow to the LORD your God, do not be slow to pay it, for the LORD your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin.
If you obey the LORD your God and keep his commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law and turn to the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
You will become a thing of horror, a byword and an object of ridicule among all the peoples where the LORD will drive you.
Do not eat it with bread made with yeast, but for seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste – so that all the days of your life you may remember the time of your departure from Egypt.
Do not move your neighbor's boundary stone set up by your predecessors in the inheritance you receive in the land the LORD your God is giving you to possess.
The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur – nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, which the LORD overthrew in fierce anger.
And if the sign or wonder spoken of takes place, and the prophet says, "Let us follow other gods" (gods you have not known) "and let us worship them,"
If a man has recently married, he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.
They are corrupt and not his children; to their shame they are a warped and crooked generation.
Be careful not to harbor this wicked thought: "The seventh year, the year for canceling debts, is near," so that you do not show ill will toward the needy among your people and give them nothing. They may then appeal to the LORD against you, and you will be found guilty of sin.
Gods of the peoples around you, whether near or far, from one end of the land to the other),
Because you did not serve the LORD your God joyfully and gladly in the time of prosperity
Make sure there is no man or woman, clan or tribe among you today whose heart turns away from the LORD our God to go and worship the gods of those nations; make sure there is no root among you that produces such bitter poison.
They sacrificed to demons, which are not God – gods they had not known, gods that recently appeared, gods your ancestors did not fear.
Therefore in hunger and thirst, in nakedness and dire poverty, you will serve the enemies the LORD sends against you. He will put an iron yoke on your neck until he has destroyed you.
Walk in obedience to all that the LORD your God has commanded you, so that you may live and prosper and prolong your days in the land that you will possess.
If a malicious witness takes the stand to accuse someone of a crime
You must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer. The LORD your God is testing you to find out whether you love him with all your heart and with all your soul.
Designate a place outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself.
However, there need be no poor people among you, for in the land the LORD your God is giving you to possess as your inheritance, he will richly bless you
Then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations where he scattered you.
Do not wear clothes of wool and linen woven together.
When you build a new house, make a parapet around your roof so that you may not bring the guilt of bloodshed on your house if someone falls from the roof.
When the LORD your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses,
Do not plow with an ox and a donkey yoked together.
For the LORD's portion is his people, Jacob his allotted inheritance.
It is the LORD your God you must follow, and him you must revere. Keep his commands and obey him; serve him and hold fast to him.
Do not plant two kinds of seed in your vineyard; if you do, not only the crops you plant but also the fruit of the vineyard will be defiled.
So be careful to do what the LORD your God has commanded you; do not turn aside to the right or to the left.
How could one man chase a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?
Make tassels on the four corners of the cloak you wear.
The LORD will drive you and the king you set over you to a nation unknown to you or your ancestors. There you will worship other gods, gods of wood and stone.
They will lend to you, but you will not lend to them. They will be the head, but you will be the tail.
No, the word is very near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart so you may obey it.
When I sharpen my flashing sword and my hand grasps it in judgment, I will take vengeance on my adversaries and repay those who hate me.
The hands of the witnesses must be the first in putting that person to death, and then the hands of all the people. You must purge the evil from among you.
You are to give them the firstfruits of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the first wool from the shearing of your sheep
You will sow much seed in the field but you will harvest little, because locusts will devour it.
Then exchange your tithe for silver, and take the silver with you and go to the place the LORD your God will choose.
Give generously to them and do so without a grudging heart; then because of this the LORD your God will bless you in all your work and in everything you put your hand to.
If you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her, you may take her as your wife.
Then celebrate the Festival of Weeks to the LORD your God by giving a freewill offering in proportion to the blessings the LORD your God has given you.
If a slave has taken refuge with you, do not hand them over to their master.
However, the LORD your God would not listen to Balaam but turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the LORD your God loves you.
He must acknowledge the son of his unloved wife as the firstborn by giving him a double share of all he has. That son is the first sign of his father's strength. The right of the firstborn belongs to him.
Do not despise an Edomite, for the Edomites are related to you. Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country.
And do not neglect the Levites living in your towns, for they have no allotment or inheritance of their own.
The LORD will make you the head, not the tail. If you pay attention to the commands of the LORD your God that I give you this day and carefully follow them, you will always be at the top, never at the bottom.
When the LORD your God gives you rest from all the enemies around you in the land he is giving you to possess as an inheritance, you shall blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven. Do not forget!
The LORD our God delivered him over to us and we struck him down, together with his sons and his whole army.
Your children who follow you in later generations and foreigners who come from distant lands will see the calamities that have fallen on the land and the diseases with which the LORD has afflicted it.
And contrary to my command has worshiped other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or the moon or the stars in the sky
Do not yield to them or listen to them. Show them no pity. Do not spare them or shield them.
Take some of the firstfruits of all that you produce from the soil of the land the LORD your God is giving you and put them in a basket. Then go to the place the LORD your God will choose as a dwelling for his Name
Has any other people heard the voice of God speaking out of fire, as you have, and lived?
Moses came with Joshua son of Nun and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people.
Assemble the people – men, women and children, and the foreigners residing in your towns – so they can listen and learn to fear the LORD your God and follow carefully all the words of this law.
They made him jealous with their foreign gods and angered him with their detestable idols.
You will have olive trees throughout your country but you will not use the oil, because the olives will drop off.
The LORD will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with scorching heat and drought, with blight and mildew, which will plague you until you perish.
The nations you will dispossess listen to those who practice sorcery or divination. But as for you, the LORD your God has not permitted you to do so.
The LORD will establish you as his holy people, as he promised you on oath, if you keep the commands of the LORD your God and walk in obedience to him.
The bolts of your gates will be iron and bronze, and your strength will equal your days.
You may charge a foreigner interest, but not another Israelite, so that the LORD your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess.
If the one who is guilty deserves to be beaten, the judge shall make them lie down and have them flogged in his presence with the number of lashes the crime deserves
And that you may love the LORD your God, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the LORD is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
The LORD your God commands you this day to follow these decrees and laws; carefully observe them with all your heart and with all your soul.
For the LORD your God will bless you as he has promised, and you will lend to many nations but will borrow from none. You will rule over many nations but none will rule over you.
"Take this Book of the Law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God. There it will remain as a witness against you."
You will be blessed in the city and blessed in the country.
"They are not just idle words for you – they are your life. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess."
The LORD will send a blessing on your barns and on everything you put your hand to. The LORD your God will bless you in the land he is giving you.
If you see someone's donkey or ox fallen on the road, do not ignore it. Help the owner get it to its feet.
And when you and your children return to the LORD your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according to everything I command you today,
If one of your men is unclean because of a nocturnal emission, he is to go outside the camp and stay there.
The LORD said to me: "What they say is good."
"Cursed is anyone who dishonors their father or mother." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
He said to them, "Take to heart all the words I have solemnly declared to you this day, so that you may command your children to obey carefully all the words of this law."
"Blessed are you, Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD? He is your shield and helper and your glorious sword. Your enemies will cower before you, and you will tread on their heights."
This is how it is to be done: Every creditor shall cancel any loan they have made to another Israelite. They shall not require payment from anyone among their own people, because the LORD's time for canceling debts has been proclaimed.
Do not take a pair of millstones – not even the upper one – as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person's livelihood as security.
Then her first husband, who divorced her, is not allowed to marry her again after she has been defiled. That would be detestable in the eyes of the LORD. Do not bring sin upon the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance.
"Cursed is anyone who withholds justice from the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat
Act according to whatever they teach you and the decisions they give you. Do not turn aside from what they tell you, to the right or to the left.
"Let Reuben live and not die, nor his people be few."
You must be blameless before the LORD your God.
But the judge must not impose more than forty lashes. If the guilty party is flogged more than that, your Israelite neighbor will be degraded in your eyes.
"For the LORD your God is the one who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies to give you victory."
If a Levite moves from one of your towns anywhere in Israel where he is living, and comes in all earnestness to the place the LORD will choose
When such persons hear the words of this oath and invoke a blessing on themselves, thinking, "I will be safe, even though I persist in going my own way," they will bring disaster on the watered land as well as the dry.
Anyone who does these things is detestable to the LORD, and because of these detestable practices the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you.
This is the rule concerning anyone who kills a person and flees there for safety – anyone who kills a neighbor unintentionally, without malice aforethought.
The LORD will afflict you with the boils of Egypt and with tumors, festering sores and the itch, from which you cannot be cured.
You must act according to the decisions they give you at the place the LORD will choose. Be careful to do everything they instruct you to do.
When you make a loan of any kind to a neighbor, do not go into the neighbor's house to get what is offered to you as a pledge.
Of all the creatures living in the water, you may eat any that has fins and scales.
The LORD will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. You will come at them from one direction but flee from them in seven, and you will become a thing of horror to all the kingdoms on earth.
However, you may cut down trees that you know are not fruit trees and use them to build siege works until the city at war with you falls.
During the forty years that I led you through the wilderness, your clothes did not wear out, nor did the sandals on your feet.
For the LORD your God moves about in your camp to protect you and to deliver your enemies to you. Your camp must be holy, so that he will not see among you anything indecent and turn away from you.
The LORD will send on you curses, confusion and rebuke in everything you put your hand to, until you are destroyed and come to sudden ruin because of the evil you have done in forsaking him.
Then all the peoples on earth will see that you are called by the name of the LORD, and they will fear you.
As for the women, the children, the livestock and everything else in the city, you may take these as plunder for yourselves. And you may use the plunder the LORD your God gives you from your enemies.
He shall say: "Hear, Israel: Today you are going into battle against your enemies. Do not be fainthearted or afraid; do not be terrified or give way to panic before them."
Then Moses summoned Joshua and said to him in the presence of all Israel, "Be strong and courageous, for you must go with this people into the land that the LORD swore to their ancestors to give them, and you must divide it among them as their inheritance."
He is to share equally in their benefits, even though he has received money from the sale of family possessions.
Be joyful at your festival – you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, and the Levites, the foreigners, the fatherless and the widows who live in your towns.
You must not sacrifice the Passover in any town the LORD your God gives you
And when you release them, do not send them away empty-handed.
The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the LORD.
I will send wasting famine against them, consuming pestilence and deadly plague; I will send against them the fangs of wild beasts, the venom of vipers that glide in the dust.
"In furious anger and in great wrath the LORD uprooted them from their land and thrust them into another land, as it is now."
You saw among them their detestable images and idols of wood and stone, of silver and gold.
The LORD will send fearful plagues on you and your descendants, harsh and prolonged disasters, and severe and lingering illnesses.
Then do to the false witness as that witness intended to do to the other party. You must purge the evil from among you.
For I command you today to love the LORD your God, to walk in obedience to him, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and the LORD your God will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.
Do not turn aside from any of the commands I give you today, to the right or to the left, following other gods and serving them.
"Cursed is anyone who sleeps with his sister, the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother." Then all the people shall say, "Amen!"
Pay them their wages each day before sunset, because they are poor and are counting on it. Otherwise they may cry to the LORD against you, and you will be guilty of sin.
Note: True Image of God.
God’s plan never failed. It failed only in Adams dream [Gen.2:21] It is in Adam’s dream that God behaved like human, felt like human. An Anthromorphic god. In Gen.3:22, here we see God is envious and fearlul, a blasphemy. God is afraid of Adam and Eve. This is what happens in a dream, God behaves more like human. It is the God of Heaven that denied man life? A behavior not fit for God all because to Adams dream. God is never troubled, God never gets weary [Isa.40:28]. God never sorrows. God never gets angry. God never weeps, God is not a man [Numbers 23:19] God will never, ever punish. Remember this, only in a dream can God act like man and man act like God. Ironic dream. Adam slept and never awakened. Scholars never cared to explain why. Where in the bible be read that Adam woke? Up to the Book of Revelation is nowhere can be found. That is the, or, a tricky part. So Adam must wake up to the reality that God does not act like man and man cannot act like God. God is God. Man is man… Jesus, Yahushua, is the awakened Adam.